The Japanese Tea Ceremony began in 12th Century by the Buddhist Monk Eisai who first introduced matcha tea to Japan. The ceremony was used in religious rituals in Buddhist monasteries.
The tea ceremony is performed in a tea room and the person performing it, has to wear formal Japanese clothing such as the kimono. The tea room has a specific flower arrangement which includes a single blossom and it is facing the guests. During the more formal tea ceremony, a meal is also served in small individual dishes.
There are three types of tea ceremony that are performed for different occasions. The types are “Asa-cha”, “Akatsuki-no-chaji” and “Shoburo”. There are also formal and less formal tea ceremonies. “Chakai” is a form of informal tea ceremony and “Chaji" is the formal one.
Japanese Tea Ceremony represents harmony, respect, purity and tranquillity which we must embrace in order to achieve the main purpose of the tea ceremony. This event is unique as every process from the tea equipment preparation until the tea is drunk has a distinctive technique. (Source)
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